In recent years, the medical sector has experienced a surge in demand for top-notch, precision-engineered products. These components must adhere to stringent industry standards and be manufactured quickly. To meet these requirements, product managers and designers have turned to medical CNC machining to meet these requirements.

The versatility of CNC machining has proven invaluable for the medical industry. It is compatible with a wide range of materials and processes. At the same time, it offers fast and cost-effective production of medical products.

Have you wondered why CNC machining is suitable for medical components? What materials are they even compatible with? This article answers every of your questions as we dive into the various applications of CNC medical machining. You will also learn valuable tips for optimizing the production of CNC-machined medical devices.

What Is Medical CNC Machining?

Medical CNC machining involves the production of medical instruments using computer numerical control (CNC) machines. It is a highly specialized and precise manufacturing process used to create components and parts for medical tools, devices, and equipment. This advanced technology enables the production of complex and finely detailed components crucial in the medical field. 

CNC machining of medical products
CNC machining of medical products

CNC medical machining is versatile, extending to the fabrication of diverse parts and components essential in the medical field. These components serve various purposes, ranging from the construction of intricate surgical instruments to the fabrication of critical medical devices and implants. Precision medical machining is pivotal in ensuring the quality, accuracy, and consistency of medical instruments. Ultimately, it contributes to the safety and success of medical procedures and treatments.

Applications of 5-Axis CNC Machining Service in Medical CNC Machining

The 5-axis CNC machining process offers increased freedom to allow manufacturers to create intricate parts faster and more precisely. Designers and machinists in the medical industry are now using the capabilities of 5-axis machining to develop top-quality medical prototypes and products. They include the following:

Custom Medical Implants

Medical precision machining plays a pivotal role in the production of custom bodily implants. This encompasses:

  • Hip replacements
  • Knee implants
  • Spine screws and rods
  • Coronary stents
  • Drug delivery components

Traditional machining methods are often suitable for these components because they are required in small quantities. However, medical CNC machining has emerged as a cost-effective solution. It uses reusable tools to reduce production expenses. 

Process of prosthetics machining
Process of prosthetics machining

Moreover, it is compatible with various materials, including stainless steel, titanium, cobalt-chrome alloys, and biocompatible plastics like PEEK. This makes it the ideal method for crafting medical implants. Furthermore, CNC machining guarantees precision and accuracy. As a result, healthcare practitioners can offer tailored implants to their patients.

Electronic Medical Equipment

Numerous medical instruments incorporate a multitude of CNC-machined electronic components. These components encompass a range of elements, including buttons, switches, levers, electronic casings & housings, etc. They include:

  • X-ray machines
  • MRI scanners
  • Blood pressure monitors
  • Heart rate monitors
  • Blood pressure monitors
  • Ventilator parts

Various components used in the equipment can be precision-machined directly using a 5-axis CNC machine, a standard CNC milling machine, or a Swiss lathe. They can be machined with materials like aluminum, stainless steel, titanium, PVC, PE, etc.

Medical Device Prototypes

Before the large-scale production of medical devices, it is important to create prototypes for rigorous testing and validation. CNC machining is a cost-effective and quick solution for the rapid prototyping of these medical device prototypes. This efficiency enables engineers to generate multiple design iterations rapidly. 

Forceps machined with cnc machining
Forceps machined with cnc machining

It facilitates comprehensive testing and refinement to ensure the device’s safety, effectiveness, and compliance with regulatory standards. This ensures products are brought to market faster, reduces waste, and reduces material expenses throughout product development.

Surgical Tools and Components

CNC machining technology is instrumental in producing surgical instruments essential for medical procedures. These components encompass a wide spectrum, including:

  • Biopsy tubes 
  • Surgical scissors 
  • Forceps
  • Scapels
  • Blade handles
  • Retractors
  • Spacers and plate benders
  • Saws and clamps 

The demand for highly precise and specialized tools is paramount in complex surgical procedures. CNC machining comes with stringent precision requirements, making it the optimal choice for these components. CNC machines can achieve intricate geometries and exacting tolerances. They can be harnessed to machine robotic-assisted surgical instruments with the utmost precision. This way, they can facilitate greater surgical accuracy and reduce the risk of complications during complex medical procedures.

Custom Prosthetics and Dental Components

The importance of personalization in medical care is increasingly evident, particularly in the field of prosthetics. Patients now demand prosthetic devices that are tailored precisely to their bodies. Medical CNC machining facilitates the creation of custom-made devices that align with each patient’s unique physiological characteristics. Employing 3D scanning and CAD modeling, CNC machines can craft prosthetic limbs with meticulous detail and precise dimensions.

Precision medical machining also holds immense significance in delivering top-tier dental care. It enables the production of personalized dental tools and implants crucial for precise treatments. Dentists worldwide rely on advanced CNC technology to achieve accuracy in their procedures. This technology is particularly well-suited for fashioning robust instruments such as drills, scalers, probes, and forceps. These are indispensable components across various dental procedures.

Design Tips for CNC Machined Medical Parts

Although CNC machining is a valuable choice for producing various medical components, it can be complex. Establishing specific guidelines is crucial to ensure the optimal outcome in medical CNC machining. Adhering to these design principles is essential when creating your medical components.

Design of cnc machined medical parts
Design of cnc machined medical parts

Simplify Your Design

This entails adapting the part’s design to facilitate smoother and more efficient machining. The simplification of the design for medical devices enhances efficiency, reduces expenses, and guarantees precision in manufacturing. You should do the following:

  • Remove unnecessary elements for a simplified part geometry
  • Ensure designs allow for easy tool access
  • Incorporate standard features such as radii, chamfers, and fillets
  • Minimize material consumption

Incorporate Aesthetics

An attractive design with vibrant colors can be valuable for setting a product apart in a competitive market. It leaves a positive impression on customers and enhances the product’s usability and recognizability. However, it is essential to ensure that the design aligns with the functionality and intended applications of the component. 

When choosing colors, the focus should be on accentuating key features like buttons and ports. Select colors and textures that enhance the component’s visual appeal. This approach also proves helpful in improving part identification and traceability. Strong, distinctive colors also aid in distinguishing various versions of a component, such as prototypes or functional test models.

Certain medical device parts may need to undergo sterilization. So, you must consider whether the chosen colors can withstand high temperatures or harsh chemicals. Moreover, the choice of colors may have implications for the biocompatibility of the part. As a result, ensure that the selected color does not compromise the component’s functionality or biocompatibility.

Ensure Ease of Maintenace

Incorporating considerations for easy maintenance into the design of precision medical components is essential for their functionality and safety. The choice of durable and easily cleanable materials can extend the components’ lifespan by reducing the maintenance frequency. 

A straightforward, easily accessible design also streamlines maintenance tasks and makes them more efficient. Additionally, integrating monitoring systems into CNC-machined medical devices aids in the early detection of issues. As a result, you can ensure prompt maintenance and repairs.

Convenience Is Key

You should also optimize the design of medical components for convenience and portability. This guarantees seamless transportation and usability across different hospital settings. Ensure you select lightweight materials such as aluminum for your parts. Crafting ergonomic designs and designing easily detachable products are also ways to optimize for convenience. These measures contribute to enhanced patient outcomes, offer versatility, and ensure cost-effectiveness.

Common Material for Medical CNC Machining

Generally, precision medical components must be designed with biocompatibility and tolerance requirements in mind. Therefore, choosing the most suitable materials that meet quality, functional, and safety requirements is essential. 

Various machined medical parts
Various machined medical parts

Here are some of the common materials for medical device machining:

Metals for Medical CNC Machining


Aluminum is a favored material in the medical field due to its lightweight nature, exceptional strength-to-weight ratio, resistance to corrosion, and durability. It is also biocompatible and suitable for limited internal use within the human body. Notable aluminum alloys commonly used in these applications encompass 6061, 6063, and 3003.

They find wide applications in producing surgical and dental instruments like scalpels, scalers, and clamps. They are also used in various hospital equipment such as trays, rolling carts, IV stands, orthopedic supports, etc.

Stainless Steel

This metal offers strength, toughness, impact resistance, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. Moreover, it is stable to heat and has an outermost passivation layer that enables easy cleaning and sanitization. Stainless steel finds extensive applications in constructing items like artificial heart valves, orthopedics, prostheses, forceps, bed frames, wheelchairs, catheters, syringes, etc. Some commonly used stainless steel grades in the medical field are 304, 304L, and 316L.

CNC machined wheelchair parts
CNC machined wheelchair parts

Titanium and Titanium Alloys

Titanium and its various alloys have a remarkable combination of strength, low weight, and exceptional corrosion resistance. Titanium is among the few metals that remain inert and unaffected by bodily fluids and tissue. 

The medical industry widely utilizes titanium and its alloys to produce critical devices such as joint replacements, pacemakers, bone plates, and other surgical and dental tools. Key titanium alloys used in medical applications include Grade 5 (Ti 6Al4V) and Grade 23 (Ti 6AL4V ELI).


Manufacturers opt for this metal due to its impressive antibacterial and antiviral properties. As a result, it is a suitable choice for surfaces that are frequently touched. These include buttons and monitor switches on electronic medical devices. In some situations, some designers include copper in dental implants.


Brass is also gaining prominence in the medical field because of its antimicrobial qualities. It is also relatively cheap, recyclable, and has sufficient strength. Since it contains a good amount of copper, its inherent antimicrobial properties help curb the growth of bacteria and pathogens. Brass finds application in pressure regulators, valves, electronics, and touch surfaces.



Delrin is a thermoplastic material renowned for its high strength, rigidity, and dimensional stability. Notably, its low coefficient of friction and chemical resistance renders it ideal for medical CNC machining. Its applications encompass orthopedic implants, scalpels, forceps, inhalers, and other components of simple medical equipment.

Polycarbonate (PC) 

It distinguishes itself in CNC medical machining due to its high strength, optical clarity, and impact resistance. PC helps in creating the tubing and connectors for medical devices. It is also useful for protective goggles & shields, respiratory masks, equipment housings, and surgical instrument handles.

CNC machined plastic medical parts
CNC machined plastic medical parts


This engineering thermoplastic is known for its remarkable strength and exceptional chemical resistance. As such, it is suitable for medical parts exposed to harsh substances. Manufacturers use it for temporary contact products, surgical clamps, ventilator tubes, X-ray machines, prosthetics, and more.


This plastic is prized for its impact resistance and optical clarity. It finds extensive use in crafting machined medical device parts like contact lenses, dental prosthetics, orthopedic implants, lasers, micro equipment, and protective shields.


Also called Teflon, PTFE is a medical-grade thermoplastic lauded for its high heat resistance and dimensional stability. It is a reliable choice for applications necessitating repeated steam sterilization and devices requiring precision and reliability. Its applications include catheters, prosthetics, implantable devices, wound dressings, and more.

Polypropylene (PP) 

This metal stands out for its chemical resistance, making it valuable for devices subjected to frequent sterilization. It also offers good dimensional stability, making it suitable for crafting precise components, including pipettes, test tubes, inhalers, nebulizers, syringes, and medical packaging.


Nylon’s exceptional attributes include flexibility, high tensile strength, corrosion resistance,  abrasion resistance, and chemical resilience. Thus, it is a prime material in the medical sector. This versatile material finds application in crafting various medical products, including stent delivery systems and prescription bottles.

Considerations of Materials Options For Medical CNC Machined Parts

Choosing appropriate materials for medical device machining demands a thorough understanding of the requirements of medical applications. In this regard, several crucial considerations come into play, including:

Contact Time

Long-term contact CNC-machined medical equipment refers to semi-permanent or permanent implants placed within or on the body. These devices include pacemakers, artificial heart valves, prosthetics, artificial joints, hearing aids, and more. Accordingly, biocompatibility is a significant consideration for these components. 

Titanium and stainless steel are the preferred metals due to their biocompatibility. They can maintain contact with bodily tissues without issue. Plastic polymers such as PU, PE, acrylic, and PET are also suitable for these applications.

Chemical Resistance

Numerous medical products necessitate frequent cleaning, sterilization, and reuse. They include surgical equipment, diagnostic tools, and ventilator masks and tubes. As a result, materials chosen for these components must resist the chemicals involved in cleaning and sterilization.

Stainless steel is renowned for its superb chemical resistance, capable of withstanding exposure to many organic compounds. Similarly, titanium and aluminum exhibit commendable corrosion resistance against specific chemicals. Plastic resins like PC and PEEK also offer valuable alternatives in this context.

CNC machined medical devices
CNC machined medical devices

Radiation Resistance

Radioactive contamination can stem from magnetic chemotherapy, resonance imaging, and X-rays. The impact of radiation accumulates over a product’s lifespan. Therefore, it is vital to select medical machining materials that resist degradation from radiation exposure.

Titanium stands out as the most radiation-resistant due to its high density. Additionally, manufacturers often opt for PEEK, PU, and ABS resins for these applications.

Sterilization Requirements

Sterilization is a common practice in the medical sector, with methods such as steam, radiation, and chemical vapor sterilization prevalent. These procedures subject medical materials to agents that can cause degradation. Consequently, you must select materials capable of withstanding these agents.

Stainless steel is highly corrosion-resistant and can endure high temperatures and repeated sterilization cycles. Similarly, titanium is an excellent choice for its resilience against corrosion and wear during sterilization processes. Plastic options include PEEK, PU, PC, and ABS.

Intended Applications

Different applications necessitate different material choices. For example, 

  • Drug Delivery: To ensure accurate drug dosages, materials for drug dispensers must prevent aerosols and fine powders from adhering to surfaces. Therefore, vials, tubes, injectors, and cans should be made with aluminum, stainless steel, copper, or titanium. Anti-static plastic polymers like ABS, polypropylene, acrylic, and PC also serve well.
  • Artificial Joints: The choice of materials for artificial joints relies on the specific joint being replaced and patient needs. Semi-permanent or permanent joint replacement materials should be strong, wear-resistant, and biocompatible. Common metal choices for artificial joints include stainless steel, titanium, and cobalt-chromium alloys. Frequently used plastic resins are UHMWPE, PTFE, and PEEK.
  • Prosthetics: Prosthetic materials must facilitate shaping, offer strength, and withstand high impact. Material selection depends on prosthetic weight, location, and required durability. Titanium, aluminum, and stainless steel are popular choices. Plastic resins for these purposes include PMMA, ABS+PC, PEEK, and glass-filled nylon.

Why Choose ZINTILON for Your Medical CNC Machining?

In today’s market, precision and compliance with rigorous safety and performance standards are paramount in producing machined medical parts. Selecting the appropriate manufacturer for these vital components is crucial to guarantee their quality and efficacy. Here’s why ZINTILON is your best option:

Zintilon medical cnc machining services
Zintilon medical cnc machining services

ISO Certification

ZINTILON proudly holds ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 13485:2016 certifications. This validates our commitment to quality, fast lead times, competitive pricing, and customer service. ISO 9001 defines crucial management principles, ensuring we adhere to the required criteria. ISO 13485 certification is particularly significant in the medical device industry. It indicates that we comply with international standards and are the best choice for producing medical device parts.

Stringent Quality Management System

At ZINTILON, we not only meet but exceed quality standards. We provide the necessary documentation to ensure your product’s approval for sale in today’s market. While ISO 13485 certification and other licenses are crucial, what truly sets us apart is our proven track record of unwavering adherence to these stringent standards. Our commitment to excellence ensures that our machined medical parts are of the highest quality. These products are also fully compliant with all applicable industry regulations.

Experienced Experts

Our team at ZINTILON is well-versed in the latest advancements in medical device manufacturing. We understand the unique requirements and safety regulations of the medical industry. With extensive expertise and experience in producing medical prototypes and parts, we offer many advantages. 

In the early stages of product development, our team can proactively identify potential risks and provide effective solutions. Leveraging their vast experience and expertise, our experts offer valuable insights and guidance to bring your medical products to life. This not only saves time but also reduces costs during mass production.

Get Medical CNC Machining Service for Your Projects

When it comes to medical instrument machining, precision and material supply are vital. The medical industry demands components that adhere to stringent standards. Therefore, you must work with an industry-leading manufacturer. ZINTILON is your trusted partner to provide efficient and robust CNC machining services tailored for the medical sector. Our ISO 13485:2016 and ISO 9001:2015 certifications guarantee that every medical prototype and part we deliver meets the highest regulatory standards. 

With a comprehensive quality management system, we’re equipped to manufacture parts that align with your unique requirements. Our team comprises experienced engineers and quality inspectors with in-depth knowledge of the medical field and its machining needs. We excel in material selection to create top-notch, safe medical products. Get a quote now, and let’s begin your medical machining project. 


CNC machining is crucial for achieving top-quality, precise products in the healthcare sector. It’s the preferred choice for medical instrument machining due to its unmatched precision and efficiency, which are essential for meeting strict industry demands. To achieve top-notch results, ZINTILON is your trusted partner throughout the manufacturing process. Contact us today to kickstart your project with us.

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